All Publications


  • Gido, K.B and D.A Jackson. 2010. (editors) Community Ecology of Stream Fishes: Concepts, Approaches, and Techniques. American Fisheries Society. 664 pages.

Refereed Articles 1989 | 1990 | 1991 | 1992 | 1993 | 1994 | 1995 | 1996 | 1997 | 1998 | 1999 | 2000 | 2001 | 2002 | 2003 | 2004 | 2005 | 2006 | 2007 | 2008 | 2009 | 2010 | 2011 | 2012 | 2013 | 2014 | 2015 | Submitted 

Conservation & Biodiversity
Invasive Species & Environmental Changes
Quantitative Ecology
Environmental Contaminants



  • Braoudakis, G.V. and D.A. Jackson. Effects of lake size, isolation and piscivorous predator presence on nested fish community structure. Journal of Biogeography.(submitted)


  • Alofs, K.M. and D.A. Jackson. The vulnerability of species to range expansions by predators can be predicted using historical species associations and body size.  Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences  (in press)
  • Alofs, K.M., and D.A. Jackson. The abiotic and biotic factors limiting establishment of predatory fishes at their expanding northern range boundaries in Ontario, Canada. Global Change Biology 21: 2227-2237.
  • Cusa, M., D.A. Jackson, and M. Mesure.  Window collisions by migratory bird species: urban geographical patterns and habitat associations.  Urban Ecosystems DOI 10.1007/s11252-015-0459-3
  • Melles, S.J., C. Chu, K.M. Alofs, and D.A. Jackson. Potential spread of Great Lakes fishes given climate change and proposed dams: an approach using circuit theory to evaluate invasion risk.  Landscape Ecology 30:919-935 (in press, email me for a pdf)


  • Alofs, K.M. and D.A. Jackson.  Meta-analysis suggests biotic resistance in freshwater environments is driven by consumption rather than competition.  Ecology 95:3259-3270  (email me for a pdf)
  • Alofs, K.M., D.A. Jackson, and N.P. Lester. 2014. Ontario freshwater fishes demonstrate differing range-boundary shifts in a warming climate. Diversity and Distributions 20: 123-136 DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12130 (email me for a pdf)
  • Alofs, K.M., E.A. Liverpool, D.C. Taphorn, C.R. Bernard and H. Lopez- Fernandez. 2014. Mind the (information) gap: the importance of exploration and discovery for assessing conservation priorities for freshwater fish. Diversity and Distributions 20: 107-113 DOI: 10.1111/ddi.12127 (email me for a pdf)
  • Austen, E., D.A. Jackson, and A.E. Weis. 2014. Describing flowering schedule shape through multivariate ordination. International Journal of Plant Sciences 175: 70-79.
  • Edwards, B.A., D.A. Jackson, and K.M. Somers. 2014. Linking temporal changes in crayfish communities to environmental changes in boreal Shield lakes in southcentral Ontario. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 71: 21-30 (email me for a pdf)
  • Edwards, B.A., D.A. Jackson and K.M. Somers. Evaluating the effect of lake calcium concentration on the acquisition of carapace calcium by freshwater crayfish. Hydrobiologia 744: 91-100 10.1007/s10750-014-2059-2 (email me for a pdf)
  • Neff, M.R., S.P. Bhavsar, R. Law, R. Fletcher, D.O. Carpenter, K. Drouillard, A. Fisk and M.T. Arts. 2014. Fatty acid profiles of Lake Erie sport fish and relationships with fish size, sex, season and location.  Journal of Great Lakes Research 40: 37-42 (email me for a pdf)
  • Granados, M., N.E Mandrak, and D.A. Jackson. 2014. Synthesizing reference conditions for highly degraded areas through best professional judgement.  Journal of Great Lakes Research 40 (Suppl. 2):37-42.   DOI: 10.1016/j.jglr.2013.12.002 (email me for a pdf)
  • Scott, C.E., D.A. Jackson, and A.P. Zimmerman. 2014.  Environmental and algal community influences on benthic algal extracellular material in Lake Opeongo, Ontario. Freshwater Science 33: 568-576 (email me for a pdf)
  • Wang, L. and D.A. Jackson. 2014.  Shaping up model transferability and generality of species distribution modeling for predicting invasions: implications from a study on Bythotrephes longimanus. Biological Invasions 16:2079-2103.  DOI: 10.1007/s10530-014-0649-6 (email me for a pdf)


  • Edwards, B.A., V.R.E. Lewis, F.H. Rodd, and D.A. Jackson. 2013. Interactive effects of calcium decline and predation risk on the potential for a continuing northward range expansion of the rusty crayfish, Orconectes rusticus. Canadian Journal of Zoology 91:328-337. DOI: 10.1139/cjz-2012-0302. (email me for a pdf)
  • Neff, M.R. and D.A. Jackson. 2013. Regional-scale patterns in community concordance: testing the roles of historical biogeography versus contemporary abiotic controls on stream community composition. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 70: 1141-1150.  DOI: 10.1139/cjfas-2012-0497. (email me for a pdf)
  • Neff, M.R., J.M. Robinson, S.P. Bhavsar. 2013. Assessment of fish mercury levels in the upper St. Lawrence River, Canada. Journal of Great Lakes Research 39: 336-343   DOI: 10.1016/j.jglr.2013.03.005<. (email me for a pdf)
  • Ngai, K.L.C., Shuter, B.J., Jackson, D.A. and Chandra, S. 2013.  Projecting impacts of climate change on surface water temperatures of a large subalpine lake: Lake Tahoe, USA. Climatic Change 118:841–855 (pdf)  doi: 10.1007/s10584-013-0695-6
  • Wang, L. and D.A. Jackson. Shaping up model transferability and generality of species distribution modeling for predicting invasions: implications from a study on Bythotrephes longimanus. (in review)


  • Brown, C., Arbour, J. and D.A. Jackson. 2012. Testing of the effect of missing data estimation and distribution in morphometric multivariate data analyses. Systematic Biology 61:941-954. doi:10.1093/sysbio/sys04. (email me for a pdf)
  • Neff, M.R., S.P. Bhavsar, and J.X.Y. Chin. 2012. Spatial and temporal trends of muscle lipid content in Great Lakes fishes: 1970s-2008.  Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 69:2007-2017   DOI: 10.1139/f2012-121. (email me for a pdf)
  • Neff, M.R., S.P. Bhavsar, G.B. Arhonditsis, R. Fletcher, and D.A. Jackson. 2012. Long-term changes in fish mercury levels in historically impacted English-Wabigoon River system (Canada). Journal of Environmental Monitoring 14, 2327-2337. doi: 10.1039/C2EM30324H. (email me for a pdf)
  • Poos, M.S. and D.A. Jackson. 2012. Addressing the removal of rare species in multivariate bioassessments: the impact of methodological choices. Ecological Indicators 18: 82-90. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2011.10.008
  • Poos, M.S. and D.A. Jackson. 2012. Impact of species-specific dispersal and regional stochasticity on estimates of population viability in stream metapopulations. Landscape Ecology 27:405-416. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s10980-011-9683-2



  • French, T.D., S. Petro, E.J. Reiner, S.P. Bhavsar, and D.A. Jackson. 2011. Thirty-year time series of PCB concentrations in a small invertivorous fish (Notropis hudsonius): An examination of post-1990 trajectory shifts in the lower Great Lakes. Ecosystems 14:415-429. (pdf) DOI: 10.1007/s10021-011-9419-9
  • Gewurtz, S.B., S.P. Bhavsar, D.A. Jackson, E. Awad, J.G. Winter, E.J. Reiner, R. Moody, and R. Fletcher. 2011. Trends of legacy and emerging-issue contaminants in Lake Simcoe fishes. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36:100-112. (pdf) doi:10.1016/j.jglr.2010.07.001
  • Schwalb, A.N., K. Cottenie, K., M.S. Poos, and J. Ackerman. 2011. Dispersal limitation of unionid mussels and implications for their conservation. Freshwater Biology 56: 1509-1518. (pdf) doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2011.02587.x  **
  • Scott, C.E., K.M. Alofs, and B.A. Edwards. 2011. Putting dark diversity in the spotlight. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. 26:263-264. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2011.03.008
  • Strecker, A.L., J.M. Casselman, M.-J. Fortin, D.A. Jackson, M.S. Ridgway, P.A. Abrams, and B.J. Shuter. 2011. A Multi-scale comparison of trait linkages to environmental and spatial variables in fish communities across a large freshwater lake. Oecologia 166:819-831. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s00442-011-1924-1
  • Timms, L.L., Walker, S.C. and S.M Smith. 2011. Establishment and dominance of an introduced herbivore has limited impact on native host-parasitoid food webs. Biological Invasions. 14:299-244. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-9999-5
  • Walker, S.C. and D.A. Jackson. 2011. Random-effects ordination: describing and predicting multivariate correlations and co-occurrences.  Ecological Monographs 81:635-663. (pdf) doi: 10.1890/11-0886.1
  • Wang, L. and D.A. Jackson. 2011. Modeling the establishment of invasive species: Habitat and biotic interactions influencing the establishment of Bythotrephes longimanus. Biological Invasions 13:2499-2512. doi: 10.1007/s10530-011-0071-2. (email me for a pdf)



  • Gerwurtz, S.B., S.P. Bhavsar, D.A. Jackson, R. Fletcher, E. Awad, R. Moody, and E.J. Reiner. 2010. Temporal and Spatial Trends of Organochlorines and Mercury in Fishes from the St. Clair River/Lake St. Clair Corridor, Canada. Journal of Great Lakes Research 36: 100-112. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/j.jglr.2009.09.002
  • Jackson, D.A., S.C. Walker, and M.S. Poos. 2010. Cluster analysis of fish community data: “New” tools for determining meaningful groups of sites and species assemblages. Pages 503-527 In Community Ecology of Stream Fishes: Concepts, Approaches, and Techniques. K.B. Gido and D.A. Jackson (eds) American Fisheries Society. (pdf)



  • Biernaskie, J.M., S.C. Walker, and R.J. Gegear. 2009. Bumblebees learn to forage like Bayesians. American Naturalist 174:413-423.  doi: 10.1086/603629. (email me for a pdf)
  • Poos, M., A.J. Dextrase, A.N. Schwalb, and J.D. Ackerman. 2009. Secondary invasion of the round goby into high diversity Great Lakes tributaries and species at risk hotspots: potential new concerns for endangered freshwater species. Biological Invasions 12:1269-1284. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s10530-009-9545-x
  • Poos, M.S., S.C. Walker and D.A. Jackson. 2009. Functional-diversity indices can be driven by methodological choices and species richness. Ecology 90:341-347. (pdf) 10.1890/08-1638.1
  • Rising, J.D., D.A. Jackson, and H.B. Fokidis. 2009. Geographic variation in plumage pattern and coloration of Savannah Sparrow. Wilson Journal of Ornithology 121:253-264. (pdf) doi: 10.1676/08-077.1
  • Sharma, S., D.A. Jackson, and C.K. Minns. 2009. Quantifying the potential effects of climate change and the invasion of smallmouth bass on native lake trout populations across Canadian lakes. Ecography 32:517-525. (pdf) doi:10.1111/j.1600-0587.2008.05544.x



  • Bhavsar, S.P., A. Hayton, and D.A. Jackson. 2008. Uncertainty analysis of dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyls-related toxic equivalents in fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 27:997-1005. (pdf) doi:10.1897/07-460.1
  • Walker, S.C., M.S. Poos, and D.A. Jackson 2008. Functional rarefaction: estimating functional diversity from field data. Oikos 117:286-296.  (pdf) doi:10.1111/j.2007.0030-1299.16171.x
  • Sharma, S. S.C. Walker, and D.A. Jackson. 2008. Empirical modeling of lake water temperature relationships: A comparison of predictive modeling approaches. Freshwater Biology 53:897-911. (pdf) doi:10.1111/j.1365-2427.2008.01943.x



  • Bhavsar, S., D.A. Jackson, A. Hayton, E. Reiner, T. Chen and J. Bodnar. 2007. Are PCB levels in fish from the Canadian Great Lakes still declining? Journal of Great Lakes Research 33:592-605. (pdf) doi: 10.3394/0380-1330(2007)33[592:APLIFF]2.0.CO;2
  • Sharma, S., D.A. Jackson, C.K. Minns and B.J. Shuter. 2007. Will northern fish populations be in hot water because of climate change? Global Change Biology 13:2052-2064. (pdf) doi:10.1111/j.1365-2486.2007.01426.x
  • Hirst, C.N. and D.A. Jackson. 2007. Reconstructing community relationships: the impact of sampling error, ordination approach, and gradient length. Diversity and Distributions 13:361-371. (pdf) doi:10.1111/j.1472-4642.2007.00307.x
  • Bhavsar, S.P., Fletcher, R., Hayton, A., Reiner, E.J., and D.A. Jackson. 2007. Composition of dioxin-line PCBs in fish: an application for risk assessment. Environmental Science and Technology 41:3096-3102. (pdf) doi: 10.1021/es062402y
  • Bhavsar, S.P,, Hayton, A., Reiner, E.J., and D.A. Jackson. 2007. Estimating dioxin-like polychlorinated biphenyl toxic equivalents from total polychlorinated biphenyl measurements in fish. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 26:1622-1628. (pdf) doi: 10.1897/06-621R.1
  • Sharma, S., and D.A. Jackson. 2007. Fish assemblages and environmental conditions in the lower reaches of northeastern Lake Erie tributaries. Journal of Great Lakes Research 33: 15-27.  doi: 10.3394/0380-1330(2007)33[15:FAAECI]2.0.CO;2. (email me for a pdf)



  • Caron, J.B., and D.A. Jackson. 2006. Taphonomy of the Greater Phyllopod Bed Community, Burgess Shale. Palaois 21:451-465. (pdf) doi: 10.2110/palo.2003.P05-070R
  • French, T.D., Campbell, L.M., Jackson, D.A., Casselman, J.M., Scheider, W.A., and A. Hayton. 2006. Long-term changes in legacy trace organic contaminants and mercury in Lake Ontario salmon in relation to source controls, trophodynamics, and climatic variability. Limnology and Oceanography 51:2794-2807. (pdf) doi:10.4319/lo.2006.51.6.2794
  • MacRae, P.S.D., and D.A. Jackson. 2006. Characterizing north-temperature lake littoral fish communities: a comparison between distance sampling and minnow traps. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63:558-569. doi: 10.1139/f05-240. (email me for a pdf)
  • Mayo, J.S. and D.A. Jackson. 2006. Quantifying littoral vertical habitat structure and fish community associations using underwater visual census. Environmental Biology of Fishes 75:395-407. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s10641-005-5150-8
  • Mills, A.M., Rising, J.D. and D.A. Jackson. 2006. Conspecific attraction during establishment of Least Flycatcher clusters. Journal of Field Ornithology 77:34-38. (pdf) doi: 10.1111/j.1557-9263.2006.00009.x
  • Paavola, R., Muotka, T., Virtanen, R., Heino, J., Jackson, D. and A. Maki-Petays. 2006. Spatial scale affects community concordance among fishes, benthic macroinvertebrates and bryophytes in boreal streams. Ecological Applications 16:368-379. (pdf) doi: 10.1890/03-5410
  • Wilson, K.A., Howell, E.T., and D.A. Jackson. 2006. Replacement of zebra mussels by quagga mussels in the Canadian nearshore of Lake Ontario: The importance of substrate, round goby abundance, and upwelling frequency. Journal of Great Lakes Research 32:11-28. (pdf) doi: 10.3394/0380-1330(2006)32[11:ROZMBQ]2.0.CO;2



  • Peres-Neto, P.R., D.A. Jackson, and K.M. Somers. 2005. How many principal components? stopping rules for determining the number of non-trivial axes revisited. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 49:974-997. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/j.csda.2004.06.015



  • Jackson, D.A. and Y. Chen. 2004. Robust principal component analysis and outlier detection with ecological data. Environmetrics 15:129-139. (pdf) doi: 10.1002/env.628



  • Peres-Neto, P.R., Jackson , D.A. and K.M. Somers. 2003. Giving meaningful interpretation to ordination axes: assessing loading significance in principal component analysis. Ecology 84:2347-2363. (pdf) doi: 10.1890/00-0634



  • Olden, J.D. and D.A. Jackson. 2002. A comparison of statistical models for modelling fish species distributions. Freshwater Biology 47:1976-1995. (pdf) doi: 10.1046/j.1365-2427.2002.00945.x
  • Olden, J.D., and D.A. Jackson. 2002. Illuminating the ‘black box’: Understanding variable contributions in artificial neural networks. Ecological Modeling 154:135-150. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/S0304-3800(02)00064-9
  • Olden, J.D., Jackson, D.A., and P.R. Peres-Neto. 2002. Predictive Models of Fish Species Distributions: A Note on Proper Validation and Chance Predictions. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society 131: 329-336. (pdf) doi: 10.1577/1548-8659(2002)131<0329:PMOFSD>2.0.CO;2
  • Wilkinson, M., Peres-Neto, P.R. Foster, P., and Mocriff, C. 2002. Type I error rates of the parsimony PTP test. Systematic Biology 51:524-527. (pdf) doi: 10.1080/10635150290069931



  • Chen, Y. and D.A. Jackson. 2001. An empirical study on estimators for linear regression analyses in fisheries. Fisheries Research 49:193-206. (pdf) doi: 10.1016/S0165-7836(00)00195-8
  • Jackson , D.A., Peres-Neto, P.R., and J.D. Olden. 2001. What controls who is where in freshwater fish communities – the roles of biotic, abiotic, and spatial factors. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:157-170. (pdf) doi: 10.1139/cjfas-58-1-157
  • MacRae , P.S.D. and D.A. Jackson. 2001. The influence of smallmouth bass (Micropterus dolomieu) predation and habitat complexity on the structure of littoral-zone fish assemblages. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58:342-351. (pdf) doi: 10.1139/cjfas-58-2-342
  • Olden, J.D., and D.A. Jackson. 2001. Fish habitat relationships in lakes: gaining predictive and explanatory insight by using artificial neural networks. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 130:878-897. (pdf) doi: 10.1577/1548-8659(2001)130<0878:FHRILG>2.0.CO;2
  • Olden, J.D., and B.D. Neff. 2001. Cross correlation bias in lag analysis of aquatic time series. Marine Biology 138: 1063-1070.  doi: 10.1007/s002270000517. (email me for a pdf)
  • Olden, J.D., Jackson, D.A., and P.R. Peres-Neto. 2001. Spatial isolation and fish communities in drainage lakes. Oecologia 127:572-585. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s004420000620
  • Peres-Neto, P.R., and D.A. Jackson. 2001. The importance of scaling of multivariate analyses in ecological studies. Ecoscience 8:522-526. (pdf)
  • Peres-Neto, P.R., and J.D. Olden. 2001. Assessing the robustness of randomization tests: examples from behavioural studies. Animal Behaviour 61: 79-86. (pdf) doi: 10.1006/anbe.2000.1576
  • Peres-Neto, P.R., Olden, J.D., and D.A Jackson. 2001. Environmentally constrained null models: site suitability as occupancy criterion. Oikos 93:110-120. (pdf) doi: 10.1034/j.1600-0706.2001.930112.x



  • Mehranvar, L. and D.A. Jackson. 2000. History and taxonomy: their roles in the core-satellite hypothesis. Oecologia 127:131-142. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/s004420000574
  • Olden, J.D. 2000. An artificial neural network approach for studying phytoplankton succession. Hydrobiologia 436: 131-143. (pdf) doi: 10.1023/A:1026575418649
  • Olden, J.D., and D.A. Jackson. 2000. Torturing the data for the sake of generality: how valid are our regression models? Ecoscience 7:501-510. (pdf)
  • Peres-Neto, P.R., and F. Marques. 2000. When are random data not random, or is the PTP test useful? Cladistics 16:420-424. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-0031.2000.tb00361.x. (email me for a pdf)
  • Saint-Jacques, N., Harvey, H.H., and D.A. Jackson. 2000. Selective foraging in the white sucker (Catostomus commersoni). Canadian Journal of Zoology 78:1320-1331. (pdf) doi: 10.1139/cjz-78-8-1320



  • King, J.R. and D.A. Jackson. 1999. Variable selection with principal components analysis of environmental data . Environmetrics 10:67-77. (pdf)
  • Peres-Neto, P.R. 1999. How many statistical methods are too many? The problem of conducting multiple inferences revisited. Marine Ecology Progress Series 176: 303-306. (pdf) doi: 10.3354/meps176303



  • Jackson, D.A. 1997. Compositional data in community ecology: the paradigm or peril of proportions?  Ecology 78:929-940. (pdf) doi: 10.1890/0012-9658(1997)078[0929:CDICET]2.0.CO;2



  • Jackson, D.A. and H.H. Harvey. 1996. Gradual reduction and extinction of fish populations in acid lakes. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 85:389-394.  doi: 10.1007/BF00476860. (email me for a pdf)
  • Harvey, H.H. and D.A. Jackson. 1996. Acid stress and extinction of a spring-spawning fish population. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution 85:383-388. doi: 10.1007/BF00476859. (email me for a pdf)



  • Jackson, D.A. 1995. PROTEST: a PROcrustean Randomization TEST of community environment concordance. Ecoscience 2:297-303. (pdf)
  • Jackson, D.A. 1995. Bootstrapping Principal Components Analysis: Reply to Mehlman et al. Ecology 76:644-645. (pdf) doi: 10.2307/1941220





  • Jackson, D.A. 1993. Multivariate analysis of benthic invertebrate communities: the implication of choosing particular data standardizations, measures of associations, and ordination methods. Hydrobiologia 268:9-26. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/BF00005737
  • Jackson, D.A. 1993. Stopping rules in principal components analysis: a comparison of heuristical and statistical approaches. Ecology 74:2204-2214. (pdf) doi: 10.2307/1939574



  • Jackson, D.A., K.M. Somers, and H.H. Harvey. 1992. Null models and fish communities: evidence of nonrandom patterns. American Naturalist 139:930-951. (pdf) doi: 10.1086/285367



  • Jackson, D.A. and K.M. Somers. 1991. Putting things in order: the ups and downs of detrended correspondence analysis. American Naturalist 137:704-712. (pdf) doi: 10.1086/285189
  • Jackson, D.A. and K.M. Somers. 1991. The spectre of ‘spurious’ correlations. Oecologia 86:147-151. (pdf) doi: 10.1007/BF00317404





  • Jackson, D.A. and H.H. Harvey. 1989. Biogeographic associations in fish assemblages: local versus regional processes. Ecology 70:1472-1484. (pdf) doi: 10.2307/1938206
  • Jackson, D.A. and K.M. Somers. 1989. Are probability estimates from the permutation model of Mantel’s test stable? Canadian Journal of Zoology 67:766-769. (pdf) doi: 10.1139/z89-108
  • Jackson, D.A., K.M. Somers, and H.H. Harvey. 1989. Similarity coefficients: measures of co-occurrence and association or simply measures of occurrence? American Naturalist 133:436-453. (pdf) doi: 10.1086/284927